To help you understand how to approach your dog's training,
we developed Volhards Personality Profile for Dog.
The Profile catalogs ten behaviors in each drive that influence
the dog's responses and which are useful to us in training.
The ten behaviors chosen are those that most closely represent
the strengths of the dog in each of the drives. The Profile
does not pretend to include all behaviors seen in a dog, nor
the complexity of their interaction. Although it is an admittedly
crude index of your dogs behavior, you will find it
The results of the Profile will give you a better understanding
of why your dog is the way he is and the most successful way
to train him. You can then make use of his strengths, avoid
needless confusion and greatly reduce the time it takes to
Evaluating the Profile
When completing the Profile, keep in mind that it was devised
for a house dog or pet with an enriched environment, perhaps
even a little training, and not a dog tied out in the yard
or kept solely in a kennel -- such dogs have fewer opportunities
to express as many behaviors as a house dog. Answers should
indicate those behaviors your dog would exhibit if he had
not already been trained to do otherwise. For example, did
he jump on people to greet them, or jump on the counter to
steal food, before he was trained not to do so?
The fight part of the defense drive does not fully express
itself until the dog is mature, around two to four years of
age, depending on the breed, although you may see tendencies
toward those behaviors earlier. Young dogs tend to exhibit
more flight behaviors than older dogs.