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RULES & REGULATIONS
FCI Dobermann Standard:
    HTML or Flash version
AKC Doberman Standard
IDC congress 2004
ZTP
Schutzhund
IPO
 
GENETICS
Punnet square
Mendel's Genetic Laws
The Dog Genome Project
Basic Genetic Concepts
 
BREEDING
Campbell test
FCI Breeding Rules
Canine reproduction
Pregnancy: Determining ovulation
The Reproductive Cycle
Pregnancy Timeline
 
NUTRITION
Nutrition - Caloric Requirements
Blackwatch Puppy Feeding Program
Feeding tips for cannes
Oxy-Drops - What Are They?
 
HEALTH
Puppy Care Guide
Puppy Care - Feeding & Diseases
Caring For The Older Dog
Worming
The Types of Arthritis in Dogs
Cardiac Diseases
 
BEHAVIOUR
Canine Personality Profile
Pray Behavior
How dogs think
 
TRAINING
Challenging your dogs mind
Building Drive in Obedience
Basic tracking rules
Puppy training
Dog Tricks
 
ARTICLES
Third Generation Goes to School
The influence of the Manchester     Terrier on the Dobermann
Microchipping for Your Dog's Safety
 
RESOURCES
Dog supplies
APBC clinics members
 
 
BREEDING
 

Pregnancy Timeline

Week One
(Days 1-7)
 Week Two
(Days 8-14)
 Week Three
(Days 15-21)
 Week Four
(Days 22-28)
 Week Five
(Days 29-35)
 Week Six
(Days 36-42
)
Week Seven
(Days 43-49)
Week Eight
(Days 50-57)
 Week Nine
(Days 58-65)
Post Partum

 

     Week One
   
    Development of the puppies
  • Fertilization occurs
  • 2 cell embryos are in the oviduct
  • The embryo is fairly resistant to external interference in development

Changes in the bitch

  • Possible morning sickness
  • Possible personality changes


Care of the bitch

  • Normal feeding
  • Normal exercise -- if she didn't normally get exercise before pregnancy, she should start getting moderate exercise every day
  • Check any and all medications with vet prior to administering
  • No insecticides (i.e., flea treatments)
  • No live vaccines

To do List

  • Nothing special this week
   Week Two (Days 8-14)
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    Development of the puppies
  • Embryo will be 4 cell at start of week and 64 cell by end of week
  • Embryo enters the uterus


Changes in the bitch

  • Possible morning sickness


Care of the bitch

  • Continue as with Week One


To do List

  • Nothing special this week

   Week Three (Days 15-21)
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Development of the puppies

  • Day 19 - Implantation of embryos in uterus


Changes in the bitch

  • See above


Care of the bitch

  • See above


To do List

  • Nothing special this week
   Week Four (Days 22-28)
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Development of the puppies

  • Development of eyes and spinal cords
  • Faces take shape
  • Fetuses grow from 5-10 mm to 14-15 mm
  • Organogenesis begins-- Embryos are at their most susceptible to defects
  • Days 26 - 32 are the best days to palpitate (i.e.. feel for the puppies)


Changes in the bitch

  • Possible clear vaginal discharge
  • Mammary development begins
  • After Day 26, palpitation may be possible to diagnose pregnancy

Care of the bitch

  • Limit strenuous activity (such as working, jumping, long runs)
  • Add 1/4 cup cottage cheese or a hard boiled egg to food on alternating days

To do List

  • Schedule ultrasound or palpitation with vet if desired
   Week Five (Days 29-35)
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Development of the puppies

  • Development of toes, whisker buds, and claws
  • Fetuses look like dogs
  • Gender can be determined
  • Eyes (previously open) now close
  • Fetuses grow from 18 mm - 30 mm
  • Organogenesis ends -- embryos are now fairly resistant to interference with development

Changes in the bitch

  • Swelling becomes noticeable
  • Loss of "tuck-up"
  • Weight will start to increase

Care of the bitch

  • Slightly increase amount of food and switch to puppy kibble. If you feed one meal a day, add a small extra meal. If you feed twice a day, slightly increase one of the meals.
  • Add daily multi-vitamin for dogs
  • Palpitation no longer possible due to fluids in uterus

To do List

  • Nothing special this week
   Week Six (Days 36-42)
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Development of the puppies

  • Development of skin pigment
  • Fetuses should weigh around 6 grams and be 45 mm long
  • Fetal heartbeats can be heard with stethoscope

Changes in the bitch

  • Nipples darken and enlarge
  • Abdomen continues to enlarge

Care of the bitch

  • Add cottage cheese or hard boiled egg to food daily
  • Increase the amount of food in the extra meal
  • Bitch should start sleeping in whelping box

To do List

  • Assemble whelping box
  • By this time you should be fairly sure that the bitch is pregnant. Notify the people on your puppy list. Let them know when you expect delivery.

 

   Week Seven (Days 43-49)
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Development of the puppies

  • Growth and development continues

Changes in the bitch

  • Abdomen hair will start shedding
  • The bitch will start to look pregnant at this point

Care of the bitch

  • Slightly increase both meals

To do List

  • Stop any roughhousing or jumping
  • Radiographs (X-rays) possible to determine number and size of puppies
   Week Eight (Days 50-57)
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Development of the puppies

  • Fetal movement can be detected when bitch is at rest
  • Puppies can safely be born from now on

Changes in the bitch

  • Milk may be squeezed from nipples
  • The bitch will be very large.

Care of the bitch

  • Add moderate lunch

To do List

  • Gather whelping kit (see below)
    Prepare phone list for help/support. It should include your vet's phone number, the emergency clinic's phone number, the number of any friends who will be offering support during whelping, and anyone else you might need to contact before, during, or after whelping (like your office to let them know you won't be in!)
    Make sure your car is gassed up and ready for a possible emergency trip to the vet's office.

   Week Nine (Days 58-65)
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Development of the puppies

  • Growth and Development continues

Changes in the bitch

  • Nesting behavior may be seen
  • Bitch may become distressed (panting, pacing, acting uncomfortable)
  • Temperature should be around 37.9 - 38.2 degrees Celsius (100.2-100.8 degrees Farenheit )
  • When temperature drops to around 36.7 - 37.4 degrees Celsius (98-99.4 degrees Farenheit), puppies should be born within 24 hours
  • Appetite may disappear as whelping approaches

Care of the bitch

  • Start taking temperature three times a day

To do List

  • Notify vet or emergency clinic when temperature drops so that they will be ready if you have any problems
  • Keep detailed records on temperature and behavior of bitch
  • Double check that whelping supplies are ready
     

Post Partum

  • Make sure each puppy gets some of the bitch's colostrum (first thin milk) within first 24 hours. Colostrum is loaded with antibodies to protect the puppies from disease. It also helps to condition their tummies to accepting food.
  • Lochia (vaginal discharge) should be reddish to reddish-brown (green is okay on first day). If you see black discharge, contact your vet immediately!
  • Within 5-6 hours of last puppy's birth, take bitch and puppies to vet for check up. The vet will ensure that the bitch hasn't retained any puppies or placentas and that the puppies are in good health. Ask your vet to check the puppies for cleft palates and what options are available. This vet visit is something that should not be skipped. If the bitch has retained a placenta or puppy, she could quickly develop a serious infection which could prove deadly.

 

 

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