The appearance is
that of a dog of medium size, with a body that
is square. Compactly built, muscular and powerful,
for great endurance and speed. Elegant in appearance,
of proud carriage, reflecting great nobility and
temperament. Energetic, watchful, determined,
alert, fearless, loyal and obedient.
Height at the withers: Dogs 26 to 28 inches,
ideal about 27 ½ inches; Bitches 24 to
26 inches, ideal about 25 ½ inches. The
height, measured vertically from the ground
to the highest point of the withers, equalling
the length measured horizontally from the forechest
to the rear projection of the upper thigh. Length
of head, neck and legs in proportion to length
and depth of body.
Long and dry, resembling a blunt wedge in both
frontal and profile views. When seen from the
front, the head widens gradually toward the
base of the ears in a practically unbroken line.
Eyes almond shaped, moderately
deep set, with vigorous, energetic expression.
Iris, of uniform color, ranging from medium
to darkest brown in black dogs; in reds, blues,
and fawns the color of the iris blends with
that of the markings, the darkest shade being
preferable in every case.
Ears normally cropped and
carried erect. The upper attachment of the ear,
when held erect, is on a level with the top
of the skull.
Top of skull flat, turning
with slight stop to bridge of muzzle, with muzzle
line extending parallel to top line of skull.
Cheeks flat and muscular.
Nose solid black on black
dogs, dark brown on red ones, dark gray on blue
ones, dark tan on fawns.
Lips lying close to jaws.
Jaws full and powerful, well
filled under the eyes.
Teeth strongly developed and
white. Lower incisors upright and touching inside
of upper incisors-a true scissors bite. 42 correctly
placed teeth, 22 in the lower, 20 in the upper
jaw. Distemper teeth shall not be penalized.
|Neck, Topline, Body
Neck proudly carried, well
muscled and dry. Well arched, with nape of neck
widening gradually toward body. Length of neck
proportioned to body and head.
Withers pronounced and forming
the highest point of the body.
Back short, firm, of sufficient
width, and muscular at the loins, extending
in a straight line from withers to the slightly
Chest broad with forechest
Ribs well sprung from the
spine, but flattened in lower end to permit
Brisket reaching deep to the
Belly well tucked up, extending
in a curved line from the brisket.
Loins wide and muscled.
Hips broad and in proportion
to body, breadth of hips being approximately
equal to breadth of body at rib cage and shoulders.
Tail docked at approximately
second joint, appears to be a continuation of
the spine, and is carried only slightly above
the horizontal when the dog is alert.
Shoulder Blade sloping forward
and downward at a 45-degree angle to the ground
meets the upper arm at an angle of 90 degrees.
Length of shoulder blade and upper arm are equal.
Height from elbow to withers approximately equals
height from ground to elbow. Legs seen from front and side, perfectly straight
and parallel to each other from elbow to pastern;
muscled and sinewy, with heavy bone. In normal
pose and when gaiting, the elbows lie close
to the brisket. Pasterns firm
and almost perpendicular to the ground. Dewclaws may be removed. Feet well arched,
compact, and catlike, turning neither in nor
of the hindquarters balances that of the forequarters. Hip Bone falls away from spinal
column at an angle of about 30 degrees, producing
a slightly rounded, well filled-out croup. Upper
Shanks at right angles to the hip bones,
are long, wide, and well muscled on both sides
of thigh, with clearly defined stifles. Upper
and lower shanks are of equal length.
While the dog is at rest, hock to heel is perpendicular
to the ground. Viewed from the rear, the legs
are straight, parallel to each other, and wide
enough apart to fit in with a properly built body. Dewclaws, if any, are generally
removed. Cat feet as on front
legs, turning neither in nor out
Smooth-haired, short, hard, thick and close
lying. Invisible gray undercoat on neck permissible.
|Color and Markings
Black, red, blue, and fawn (Isabella)
Rust, sharply defined, appearing above each
eye and on muzzle, throat and forechest, on
all legs and feet, and below tail. White patch
on chest, not exceeding 1/2 square inch, permissible.
Disqualifying Fault: Dogs not of an allowed
and vigorous, with good reach in the forequarters
and good driving power in the hindquarters. When
trotting, there is strong rear-action drive. Each
rear leg moves in line with the foreleg on the
same side. Rear and front legs are thrown neither
in nor out. Back remains strong and firm. When
moving at a fast trot, a properly built dog will
determined, alert, fearless, loyal and obedient.
The judge shall dismiss from the ring any shy
or vicious Doberman. Shyness: A dog shall be judged
fundamentally shy if, refusing to stand for examination,
it shrinks away from the judge; if it fears an
approach from the rear; if it shies at sudden
and unusual noises to a marked degree.
A dog that attacks or attempts to attack either
the judge or its handler, is definitely vicious.
An aggressive or belligerent attitude towards
other dogs shall not be deemed viciousness.
The foregoing description is that of the ideal
Doberman Pinscher. Any deviation from the above
described dog must be penalized to the extent
of the deviation.
Overshot more than 3/16 of an inch, undershot
more than 1/8 of an inch. Four or more missing
teeth. Dogs not of an allowed color.